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Accueil du site > Séminaires > Séminaires 2023 > MSC Seminar. January 23th 2023 at 11:30. Florian Osselin (ISTO, Orléans) : "Hydrogen : Orange is the new Green".

MSC Seminar. January 23th 2023 at 11:30. Florian Osselin (ISTO, Orléans) : "Hydrogen : Orange is the new Green"

Sauf mention contraire, les séminaires et les soutenances se déroulent à 11h30 en salle 454A du bâtiment Condorcet.

There will be a live diffusion with Zoom :

Monday January 23th, 11h30 in room 454 A.

Please contact Michael Berhanu to attend the visio-seminar.

Hydrogen : Orange is the new Green

Florian Osselin

Institut des Sciences de la Terre d’Orléans

The discovery of deep ocean smokers revealed the importance of hydrogen in the global mass balance between the upper mantle, the oceanic crust and the ocean, as well as its fundamental role in the deep ocean biosphere. Nowadays, hydrogen is also highly regarded as a potential replacement for fossil fuel in a growing number of applications. In parallel, the development of geological carbon dioxide storage technologies highlighted the potential of ultramafic formations as a recipient for CO2 mineralization due to their high reactivity (peridotite+CO2 = carbonates+silica), offering huge storage capacities, 10 to 100 times larger than the required amount for climate stabilization, and with no risk of leakage back to the surface. The combination of these two phenomena appears then as a natural development, allowing the offset of the carbonation costs in ultramafic formations by the production of clean and natural hydrogen fueling the energy transition, in a process where CO2-rich brine is injected in the formation and an H2-rich fluid is extracted from the other side. This is called Orange Hydrogen.

In this talk I will discuss several reactive percolation experiments in natural serpentinite cores from the South-West Indian Oceanic Ridge, with either NaCl-only or NaCl-NaHCO3 fluids. The purpose was to analyze the influence of parameters such as temperature, pressure, inlet solution composition on the hydrogen production as well as the CO2 storage efficiency.

Results show that the carbonation leads to a fast and complete clogging of the cores by the precipitation of carbonates in the main percolation paths. On the contrary, NaCl-brine experiments presented a steady but much slower decrease in permeability. Despite the fast clogging, carbonation extent reached interesting levels, e.g. 31% efficiency at 280°C and 200 bars. On the other hand, hydrogen production presents lower levels in the CO2 experiments than in the CO2-free experiments, potentially due to the reduction of CO2 by the produced hydrogen.

These results will not only help understand the complicated coupling between hydrogen formation and CO2 storage in a potential industrial development of the technology, but also help describe the interplay of serpentinization and carbonation in natural settings such as mid-oceanic ridges or subduction zones.

Contact : Équipe séminaires / Seminar team - Published on / Publié le 3 janvier

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