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На главную > Séminaires > Archives séminaires > Séminaires 2014 > Séminaire MSC. Lundi 15 septembre 2014. Luc Deike (UC San Diego, USA) : "Surface tension effects on wave breaking".

Séminaire MSC. Lundi 15 septembre 2014. Luc Deike (UC San Diego, USA) : "Surface tension effects on wave breaking"

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Surface tension effects in wave breaking

Dr Luc Deike, Scripps Institution of Oceanography,

University of California San Diego, USA

Abstract : Wave breaking in the ocean is of fundamental importance in order to quantify wave dissipation and air-sea interaction, including gas and momentum exchange, and to improve parametrization for ocean-atmosphere exchange in weather and climate models.

Here, we present a numerical study of wave breaking by solving the full Navier-Stokes equations for two-phase air-water flows using the solver Gerris [1]. We describe a parametric study of the influence of capillary effects on wave breaking using two-dimensional simulations. The onset of wave breaking as a function of the Bond number, Bo, and the initial wave steepness S is determined and a phase diagram in terms of (S,Bo) is presented that distinguishes between non-breaking gravity waves, parasitic capillaries on a gravity wave, spilling breakers and plunging breakers. The wave energy dissipation is computed for each wave regime and is found to be in good agreement with experimental results for breaking waves. Moreover, the enhanced dissipation just by parasitic capillaries is comparable to the dissipation due to breaking [2]. Extending the simulations to three dimensions permits studies of the generation and statistics of bubbles and spray during breaking. [1] Popinet, S. 2003. Journal of Computational Physics 190, 572–600. Popinet, S. 2009. Journal of Computational Physics 228, 5838–5866.

[2] Deike, L., Popinet, S., and Melville, W.K. Submitted to Journal of Fluid Mechanics (June 2014).


Contact : Équipe séminaires / Seminar team - Published on / Publié le 15 juillet 2014


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