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Home page > Séminaires > Séminaires 2019 > Séminaire MSC. 18 Mars 2019. Fernando Peruani (Lab. J.A. Dieudonné, Université de Nice) : "Intermittent behavior across scales in biology"..

Séminaire MSC. 18 Mars 2019. Fernando Peruani (Lab. J.A. Dieudonné, Université de Nice) : "Intermittent behavior across scales in biology".

Sauf mention contraire, les séminaires et les soutenances se déroulent à 11h30 en salle 454A du bâtiment Condorcet.


Intermittent behavior across scales in biology

Fernando Peruani,

Lab. J.A. Dieudonné (UMR 7351 CNRS UNSA) Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, member of Université Côte d’Azur

Abstract : Intermittent behavior is observed in biological systems at all scales, from bacterial systems to sheep herds. First, I will discuss how Escherichia Coli explores surfaces by alternating stop and moving phases. Specifically, I will show that a stochastic three behavioral state model is consistent with the empirical data. The model reveals that the stop frequency of bacteria is tuned at the optimal value that maximizes the diffusion coefficient. These results provide a new perspective on how evolution may have reshaped the bacterial motility apparatus. Intermittent motion is also observed in sheep, where again a stochastic three behavioral state model provides a quantitative understanding of the empirical data. However, in sheep, individual transition rates depend on the behavioral state of other individuals and collective behaviors emerge. Specifically, I will show that small sheep herds display highly synchronized intermittent collective motion, with the herd behaving as a self-excitable system.

References : Perez Ipina, Otte, Pontier-Bres, Czerucka, Peruani, to appear Nature Physics (2019) ; Toulet, Gautrais, Bon, Peruani, PLoS ONE 10, e0140188 (2015) ; Ginelli, Peruani, Pillot, Chate, Theraulaz, Bon, PNAS 112, 12729 (2015).


Contact : Équipe séminaires / Seminar team - Published on / Publié le 13 février


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