Equation of state of a granular gas homogeneously driven

by particle rotations

E. Falcon, J.-C. Bacri & C. Laroche
Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Cité, MSC, CNRS, UMR 7057, F-75 013 Paris, France, EU

Reference:  EPL 103, 64004 (2013)

URL: http://iopscience.iop.org/0295-5075/103/6/64004


We report an experimental study of a dilute ``gas'' of magnetic particles subjected to a vertical alternating magnetic field in a 3D container. Due to the torque exerted by the field on the magnetic moment of each particle, a spatially homogeneous and random forcing is reached where only rotational motions are driven. This forcing differs significantly from boundary-driven systems used in most previous experimental studies on non equilibrium dissipative granular gases. Here, no cluster formation occurs, and the equation of state displays strong analogy with the usual gas one apart from a geometric factor. Collision statistics is also measured, and shows an exponential tail for the particle velocity distribution. Most of these observations are well explained by a simple model, and enable to better understand out-of-equilibrium systems uniformly ``heated''.

45.70.-n  Granular system

             05.20.Dd  Kinetic theory
             75.50.-y  Studies of specific magnetic materials

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