Simulations of dense granular gases in zero gravity

with impact-velocity-dependent restitution coefficient

Sean McNamara1 and Eric Falcon2

  1 Institut für Computerphysik, Universität Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
2 MSC, Université Paris Diderot - Paris 7, CNRS UMR 7057, 75 013 Paris, France


Powder Technology 182, 232 (2008)


We report two-dimensional simulations of strongly vibrated granular materials without gravity.  The coefficient of restitution depends on the impact velocity between particles by taking into account both the viscoelastic and plastic deformations of particles, occurring at low and high velocities respectively.  Use of this model of restitution coefficient leads to new unexpected behaviors. When the number of particles N is large, a loose cluster appears near the fixed wall, opposite the vibrating wall. The pressure exerted on the walls becomes independent of N, and linear in the vibration velocity V, quite as the granular temperature. The collision frequency at the vibrating wall becomes independent of both N and V, whereas at the fixed wall, it is linear in both N and V. These behaviors arise because the velocity-dependent restitution coefficient introduces a new time scale related to the collision velocity near the cross over from viscoelastic to plastic deformation.

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